For normal vs. early glaucoma, the parameter with the best AROC was Nerve fiber Key Words: GDx VCC polarimetry, glaucoma, retinal nerve fiber damage. PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of the HRT II (Heidelberg retinal tomograph) and GDx (glaucoma detection) retinal nerve fibre. Eur J Ophthalmol. Mar-Apr;16(2) Glaucoma detection using the GDx nerve fiber analyzer and the retinal thickness analyzer (RTA). Hoffmann EM(1).

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Glaucoma is a gsx disease, which usually occurs, in older age. The optic nerve is damaged in glaucoma because of increased intra-ocular pressure, pressure that, over time, damages optic nerve fibers. Such damage to the nerve is irreversible.

Glaucoma is the number two cause of blindness in Glucoma today. It is possible to treat glaucoma successfully, using medications in the form of eye drops, with laser surgery, and in very difficult cases, via surgery. Most cases of blindness occur due to late diagnosis of the disease.

Glaucoma detection using the GDx nerve fiber analyzer and the retinal thickness analyzer (RTA).

In the majority of cases glaucoma occurs without signs of pain, and most patients do not sense a loss narrowing of their visual field. Therefore, unfortunately, a significant number of patients are diagnosed in the advanced stages of the disease, after many years of damage to the optic nerve due to untreated elevated intra-ocular pressure.

There is a famous story of a well-known baseball player in the US who suffered unknowingly from advanced glaucoma. He was only diagnosed once he had lost all vision in one eye, while in the second eye he had significant damage to the nerve. The exposure of his story led to increased public awareness of the need for every one over forty gluacoma have an eye exam, even if the person has no symptoms or complaints. Screening tests are particularly important if any close family goaucoma suffers from glaucoma.


Glaucoma Service Foundation Web Blog

This layer is composed of axons from ganglion cells, the same axons that unite to form the optic nerve. Because the thickness of this layer ranges from microns, depending on the specific location in the retina, and because the layer is completely lucid, the ability to precisely measure this layer is a breakthrough in the diagnosis and monitoring of glaucoma patients.

There are two methods to measure the severity of damage caused by glaucoma. While visual field is a subjective exam lasting minutes, glauclma can now image glaucomatous damage in an glsucoma that lasts only a few minutes, does not require pupil dilation, and is completely objective. In addition, repeating measurements every few months to years enables us to monitor disease progression. This monitoring allows us to adjust treatment appropriately based on the severity of disease in each eye.

The instrument, called GDx short for glaucoma diagnosisscans the retina in approximately one second, creating a map detailing the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness of the central retina, in particular in the region surrounding the optic nerve.

Glaucoma & Cataract, Prof. Eytan Blumenthal | Imaging the optic nerve in glaucoma

This imaging is based on a change in polarity of the light rays, polarity which changes as a function of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in each and every spot on the retina. The machine provides, beyond actual thickness measurements, also a statistical analysis that indicates the level of damage in each area of the retina. This is the first GDx machine stationed in Israel, and it can enable improved diagnosis and monitoring of our glaucoma patients.


Optic nerve appearance as seen using the GDx, pay attention to the large cupping due to severe glaucoma. GDx map showing retinal nerve fiber layer thickness at each retinal location. Statistical analysis indicates severity of damage at each and every point.

Pay attention to the fact that damage is also seen in the lower part, which the visual field test did not succeed in indicating upper half of visual field looks normal in picture A. Statistical analysis of the damage compared to normal values.

The information in this website was written in its entirety by Prof. Eytan Blumenthal, and is provided to help glaucoma and cataract patients better understand their condition. This site contains information which is not a medical advice, nor a replacement of a medical consultation. Printed from the website www.

Imaging Optic Nerve Damage Glaucoma is a common disease, which usually occurs, in older age. Assessment of the retinal nerve fiber layer. Detecting vlaucoma glaucoma by assessment of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and visual function. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, This glaucoma and cataract website: Related Topics How is Glaucoma Diagnosed?