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Australia would therefore suggest that work on developing clearer Guidelines on how ‘anthropogenic’ is to be interpreted be undertaken by SBSTA.
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Conservation of Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta. Australia’s forthcoming national communication and its inventory for have substantially reduced uncertainties from the first national communication, due to the ongoing work in the LUCF sectors.
Any new IPCC methods would only apply to a second budget period or subsequent target. If in practice MOP1 decided to omit some sinks from early budget periods eg because of data availability or incompleteness of the IPCC methodologyinclusivity would coop3 need to be sufficient to avoid the perverse incentive of planting trees on soil types which then become sources.
Please see paragraphs 3 and 4. The inclusion of anthropogenic sinks in national programs to mitigate climate change is specifically provided for in the Climate Change Convention and in the Berlin Mandate.
For example the quality of activity data in energy use is high, and the relationships between activity and emissions are comparatively simple, the confidence criteria are more stringent than in other sectors.
The secretariat was requested to compile coo3 submissions into a miscellaneous document. Each country should be cpp3 to develop methodologies suitable to itself in accordance with the IPCC guidelines. Amount of sinks in each country should be equal or greater than the total amount fop3 emissions of that country per year. Establishment and Operation of a Permanent Secretariat.
Should any “national system” established under Article 4 [Article 5 in the latest draft] give special consideration to sinks? Australia believes that all national sinks relevant to a country’s emissions profile should be included. Sinks are therefore important copp3 Australia to sustainable land management.
Reduction of the Adverse Impacts of Fisheries. A legally binding target would be defined with reference to gross anthropogenic emissions from fossil fuels and industrial processes for all gases and all sources, excluding carbon dioxide emissions from biomass. The criteria used in Australia’s inventory to define “high” “medium” and “low” levels of confidence in the different sectors reflects the quality of the activity data generally available in that sector, and the confidence with which the relationships between activity and emissions have been established.
It is to be noted that while the Guidelines will remain the same for a budget period, refinement of the data in that period can still occur, with revised and updated statistics published. Applying such criteria Parties should, on a case by case basis, justify why their actions qualify as removal through anthropogenic enhancement of sinks. If limits were applied, there could be a cap or discount on the adjustment, to cip3 incentives for action on gross emissions mitigation since sinks cannot be increased indefinitelyor allow for the effect of uncertainties on compliance as discussed under 8b.
Promote sustainable fishing in international waters, especially for dop3 protection of sea.
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Note that Australia expects the size of these uncertainties to reduce as refinements in data occur over time. As such, a more precise definition for anthropogenic sinks is needed and the following is proposed: Determinations of compliance will be based on each Party’s emissions inventory, which should be prepared using methods designed specifically for this purpose; i. While the term human induced has been used as a f2 for anthropogenic and has found widespread acceptance for emissions from industrial processes and fossil fuel combustion, it is not so easily applied to forestry and sinks, which are essentially natural processes.
The IPCC should be asked to provide criteria for the determination of which cop33 can be considered anthropogenic enhancement of sinks. This would require ccop3 development of institutional mechanisms for data gathering on sinks if these are missing at present.
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There is no need to limit application of new IPCC methods to a second budget period or subsequent target. Increased emissions from land use change would be subtracted from the estimated uptake from projects aimed and enhancing sinks. Working Group on a Permanent Secretariat. So far we can judge at present, Second National Communications appear in most but not all cases to have data on uptake by forests. The secretariat has made every effort to ensure the correct reproduction of the texts as submitted.
The burden of proof rests with the Party. Article 5 of the Chairman’s text states “Each Party included in Annex