ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation.

After Al-Biruni’s death, in the Ghaznavid dynasty and following centuries his work was not built on, nor referenced. We welcome suggested improvements raihsn any of our articles. We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science can help solve them.

Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light. In Meri, Josef W. His only other competing encyclopaedic work, in terms of depth and extent of coverage, is The Chronology of Ancient Nationswhich is devoted to a universal anthropological account of various cultures and which even records the lore of long-dead cultures or of other cultures that were about to disappear.

Even though Islam did influence his study, he did acknowledge the role of the elements. The result of his discovery of radius measurement was due to Biruni’s arduous research about the earth.

Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share anything with them. Byzantine science Chinese astronomy Medieval European science Indian astronomy. He also wrote notable books on ralhan and history. Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known. His book the Kitab-al-Jamahir deals with the properties of various precious stones.

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ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI, a photo from Tehran, East | TrekEarth

World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years — Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazni, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and explained the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater. Along with those methods, Biruni went so far as to rauhan instruments that go along with each of ql-biruni areas as well.

Almost half of the titles were on astronomical and mathematical subjects. In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee.

He gave a clear account of Hindu numerals, elaborating the principle of position.

Al-Biruni summary

Thank You for Your Contribution! Of his own personal background even less is known. According to Akbar S.

Kathor Khiva[1] KhwarezmAfrighid dynasty modern-day Uzbekistan. Later years and significance In Islamic world: For the lunar crater, see Al-Biruni crater.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs. An example of Al-Biruni’s analysis is his summary of why many Hindus hate Muslims.

But, he did note how some of the accounts of information that he was given by natives of the land may not have been reliable in terms of complete accuracy, however, he did try to be as honest as possible in his writing.


This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels.

The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. At an early age, the fame of his scholarship went around and when Sultan Mahmood Ghaznawi conquered his homeland, he took al-Biruni along with him in his journeys to India several times and thus he had the opportunity to travel all over India during a period of 20 years.

The Chronology of Ancient Nations: Retrieved 10 November Comments 25 Jul Wikisource has original works written by or about: You need to log in or register to comment.


The blog is designed to be a place for the science community from the Middle East, or those interested in the region, to meet, discuss and learn. The work includes research on a vast array of topics of Indian culture, including al-birunl of their traditions and customs. Retrieved Aug 12,